Mercedes-Benz W115/W114


This book dedicated to the legendary cars Mercedes-Benz W115/114. You will find hundreds of original photos of Mercedes-Benz W115/114 from the company’s advertising booklets published in the 1970s. Thanks to special software that uses artificial intelligence technologies, it was possible to increase the resolution of scans to reveal small details of bodies and interiors in the photos that were practically invisible in the original images. The illustrations are accompanied by dozens of technical and historical facts about the Mercedes-Benz W115/114.
The book, of course, will be a great gift to all current, former, and future W115/114 owners, as well as all those who appreciate classic Mercedes-Benz models.



Mercedes-Benz W115/W114

In 1961, work began on a new family of
mid-range cars under the leadership
of Dr. Fritz Nallinger, Mercedes-Benz
chief engineer, member of the board
and technical director of Daimler-Benz
AG. Karl Wilfert, chief of the body department,
was responsible for the new
model’s technical concept, and Paul
Bracq developed the design with Bruno

French designer Paul Bracq
headed the Daimler-Benz design studio
in Sindelfingen for 10 years. His most
famous work is the Mercedes-Benz
SL coupé, nicknamed “Pagoda” for the
characteristic shape of its roof.

Initially, it was assumed that the new
model would be different from the company’s
other cars. Therefore, it was decided
to abandon the classic “box-type”
body, when the front, rear, and central
parts of the body were independent elements.
The idea was that all the body
elements complement each other, creating
a consistent image.

The first result of developments in this
direction was the W108 luxury sedan,
which debuted in 1965, and a new generation
of mid-range cars with the indices
W115 (4-cylinder engine) and W114 (6-cylinder
engine) was planned for 1968.

At its debut, the company called the new
model “Die neue Mercedes-Benz Generation”
– the new generation of Mercedes-
Benz. But this designation was too long.
Therefore, in order to distinguish this
200 model (W115) from its predecessor
200 (W110), the new one was assigned
the index 220/8 (Strich Acht in German,
or Stroke Eight), where the number 8 denoted
the debut year, 1968.

It was assumed that the new model
would be more compact than the flagship,
but at the same time quite spacious
inside with an elegant exterior.

By 1964, the first features of the future car
began to emerge. The main discussion
was around the design of its front part.

There was an opinion that the versions
with 4- and 6-cylinder engines should
differ visually: it was originally planned
that the 4-cylinder version would have
a simplified design with horizontally positioned
rectangular headlights.

But at the beginning of 1965, the final decision
was made to abandon this differentiation
between the 115 and 114 models.In the same year, the project’s management
was transferred to Professor Hans
Scherenberg after Nallinger retired.

In addition to the sedan, three more
body variations were developed: a coupé,
a long-wheelbase sedan, and a station
wagon. But then the station wagon
was abandoned, and the developmentswere embodied in the next generation
of the W123. In 1967, work began on creating
production facilities at the Sindelfingen

During extensive testing
of the new family, a total of 1,100 prototypes
were manufactured!
The Mercedes-Benz Stroke Eight was
presented to the press in January
1968, and the public display was timed
to coincide with the prestigious Geneva
Motor Show in March that year.

As part of the presentation, six modifications
of the new W114/115 family were
presented to the exhibition visitors
all at once. The 200 and 220 models
were equipped with a new 4-cylinder
carburetor gasoline engine.

The first had a 2-liter volume and 95 hp, and
the second 2.2 liters and 105 hp. The
diesel versions of 200 D and 220 D had
volumes of 2 and 2.2 liters and 55 and
60 hp, respectively.

6-cylinder sedans (W114) were presented in the 230 versions,
with a 2.3-liter 120-hp engine, as
well as in the top 250 modification with
a 2.5-liter 130 hp engine.

The new model had harmonious shapes
and clean lines. The company’s designers
and engineers worked marvelously:
they managed to create a car
that differed from the larger premium
W108/109 family, but at the same time
maintained the continuity of generations
and brand recognition.

Read the continuation of this story in the book.

Other books about history of Mercedes:

Mercedes Benz G-Class


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